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Reading Groups with 5

Here are 10 On-Yomi groups with 5 readings per group.

Familiarize yourself with the words in the Reading Groups and then take the quizzes.

Group 1: 中 ー ちゅう
This group has as part of the Kanji and ちゅう as the On-Yomi.

1) 中 (# 11 of 2,500)

Meaning: in, inside, middle, mean, center

Examples
KunOn
(なか)
middle
途中
(とちゅう)
on the way


2) 仲 (# 919 of 2,500)

Meaning: go-between, relationship

Examples
KunOn
(なか)
relation, relationship
仲人
(ちゅうにん)
go-between, matchmaker


3) 沖 (# 929 of 2,500)

Meaning: open sea, offing, rise high into sky

Examples
KunOn
(おき)
open sea
沖積
(ちゅうせき)
alluvial


4) 虫 (# 1351 of 2,500)

Meaning: insect, bug, temper

Examples
KunOn
(むし)
insect
昆虫
(こんちゅう)
insect, bug


5) 忠 (# 1113 of 2,500)

Meaning: loyalty, fidelity, faithfulness

Examples
KunOn
NONE
忠実
(ちゅうじつ)
fidelity, faithfulness


These less commonly used Kanji also have the same On-Yomi: 冲, 狆



Group 2: 甫 ー ほ
This group has as part of the Kanji and as the On-Yomi.

1) 補 (# 332 of 2,500)

Meaning: supplement, supply, make good, offset, compensate, assistant, learner

Examples
KunOn
補う
(おぎな.う)
to compensate for
候補
(こうほ)
candidacy


2) 捕 (# 604 of 2,500)

Meaning: catch, capture

Examples
KunOn
捕まえる
(つか.まえる)
to seize
逮捕
(たいほ)
arrest, apprehension,
capture


3) 浦 (# 977 of 2,500)

Meaning: bay, creek, inlet, gulf, beach, seacoast

Examples
KunOn
NONE
海浦
(かいほ)
seaside


4) 舗 (# 1412 of 2,500)

Meaning: shop, store

Examples
KunOn
NONE
(ほ)
shop, store


5) 哺 (# 2461 of 2,500)

Meaning: nurse, suckle

Examples
KunOn
NONE
哺乳
(ほにゅう)
lactation, suckling,
mammal


These less commonly used Kanji also have the same On-Yomi: 輔, 蒲, 葡, 圃, 匍, 埔, 逋, 鋪, 舖, 餔, 鯆



Group 3: 付 ー ふ
This group has as part of the Kanji and as the On-Yomi.

1) 付 (# 322 of 2,500)

Meaning: adhere, attach, refer to, append

Examples
KunOn
付く
(つ.く)
to be attached
寄付
(きふ)
contribution, donation


2) 府 (# 170 of 2,500)

Meaning: borough, urban prefecture, govt office, representative body, storehouse

Examples
KunOn
NONE
政府
(せいふ)
government, administration


3) 腐 (# 1225 of 2,500)

Meaning: rot, decay, sour

Examples
KunOn
腐る
(くさ.る)
to rot, to go bad
腐敗
(ふはい)
decay, depravity


4) 符 (# 1798 of 2,500)

Meaning: token, sign, mark, tally, charm

Examples
KunOn
NONE
符号
(ふごう)
sign, mark,
symbol


5) 附 (# 2396 of 2,500)

Meaning: affixed, attach, refer to, append

Examples
KunOn
NONE
附属
(ふぞく)
attached, belonging,
affiliated


These less commonly used Kanji also have the same On-Yomi: 俯, 咐, 坿, 苻, 柎, 腑



Group 4: 白 ー はく
This group has as part of the Kanji and はく as the On-Yomi.

1) 白 (# 483 of 2,500)

Meaning: white

Examples
KunOn
(しろ)
White
告白
(こくはく)
confession, acknowledgement


2) 迫 (# 773 of 2,500)

Meaning: urge, force, imminent, spur on

Examples
KunOn
迫る
(せま.る)
to draw near, to press
脅迫
(きょうはく)
threat, menace,
coercion, terrorism


3) 泊 (# 1233 of 2,500)

Meaning: overnight, put up at, ride at anchor, 3-day stay

Examples
KunOn
泊まる
(と.まる)
to lodge at
宿泊
(しゅくはく)
lodging


4) 伯 (# 1741 of 2,500)

Meaning: chief, count, earl, uncle, Brazil

Examples
KunOn
NONE
(はく)
count, earl


5) 拍 (# 1373 of 2,500)

Meaning: clap, beat (music)

Examples
KunOn
NONE
拍手
(はくしゅ)
clapping hands, applause


These less commonly used Kanji also have the same On-Yomi: 鉑, 柏, 粕, 狛, 岶, 怕, 珀, 箔



Group 5: 司 ー し
This group has as part of the Kanji and as the On-Yomi.

1) 司 (# 759 of 2,500)

Meaning: director, official, govt office, rule, administer

Examples
KunOn
司る
(つかさど.る)
to rule, to govern,
to administer
司会
(しかい)
chairmanship


2) 飼 (# 1392 of 2,500)

Meaning: domesticate, raise, keep, feed

Examples
KunOn
飼う
(か.う)
to keep, to raise,
to feed
飼育
(しいく)
breeding, raising,
rearing


3) 詞 (# 1636 of 2,500)

Meaning: part of speech, words, poetry

Examples
KunOn
NONE
動詞
(どうし)
verb


4) 伺 (# 2209 of 2,500)

Meaning: pay respects, visit, ask, inquire, question, implore

Examples
KunOn
伺う
(うかが.う)
(hon) to visit, to ask,
to inquire
経伺
(けいし)
Ask for instructions


5) 嗣 (# 2310 of 2,500)

Meaning: heir, succeed

Examples
KunOn
NONE
皇嗣
(こうし)
Crown Prince


These less commonly used Kanji also have the same On-Yomi: 覗, 笥, 祠



Group 6: 且 ー そ
This group has as part of the Kanji and as the On-Yomi.

1) 粗 (# 1689 of 2,500)

Meaning: coarse, rough, rugged

Examples
KunOn
粗い
(あら.い)
coarse, rough
粗末
(そまつ)
crude, rough,
plain, humble


2) 祖 (# 1226 of 2,500)

Meaning: ancestor, pioneer, founder

Examples
KunOn
NONE
祖父
(そふ)
grandfather


3) 租 (# 2089 of 2,500)

Meaning: tariff, crop tax, borrowing

Examples
KunOn
NONE
年租
(ねんそ)
annual tax


4) 組 (# 204 of 2,500)

Meaning: association, braid, plait, construct, assemble, unite, cooperate, grapple

Examples
KunOn
(くみ)
class, group,
team, set
組織
(そしき)
(1) organization, (2) structure,
construction, (3) tissue,
(4) system


5) 阻 (# 1280 of 2,500)

Meaning: thwart, separate from, prevent, obstruct, deter, impede

Examples
KunOn
阻む
(はば.む)
to keep someone from doing, to stop,
to prevent, to check,
to hinder, to obstruct,
to oppose, to thwart
阻止
(そし)
obstruction, check,
hindrance, prevention,
interdiction




These less commonly used Kanji also have the same On-Yomi: 且, 狙, 蛆, 咀, 姐, 詛, 柤, 沮, 岨



Group 7: てい
This group has てい as the On-Yomi.

1) 低 (# 435 of 2,500)

Meaning: lower, short, humble

Examples
KunOn
低い
(ひく.い)
short, low
最低
(さいてい)
least, lowest,
worst


2) 邸 (# 905 of 2,500)

Meaning: residence, mansion

Examples
KunOn
NONE
邸宅
(ていたく)
mansion, residence


3) 底 (# 867 of 2,500)

Meaning: bottom, sole, depth, bottom price, base, kind, sort

Examples
KunOn
(そこ)
bottom, sole
徹底
(てってい)
thoroughness, completeness


4) 邸 (# 905 of 2,500)

Meaning: residence, mansion

Examples
KunOn
NONE
邸宅
(ていたく)
mansion, residence


5) 抵 (# 1182 of 2,500)

Meaning: resist, reach, touch

Examples
KunOn
NONE
抵抗
(ていこう)
electrical resistance, resistance,
opposition


These less commonly used Kanji also have the same On-Yomi: 柢, 觝, 詆, 牴



Group 8: 令 ー れい
This group has as part of the Kanji and れい as the On-Yomi.

1) 令 (# 804 of 2,500)

Meaning: orders, ancient laws, command, decree

Examples
KunOn
NONE
命令
(めいれい)
order, command,
decree, directive,
(software) instruction


2) 零 (# 1217 of 2,500)

Meaning: zero, spill, overflow, nothing, cipher

Examples
KunOn
零す
(こぼ.す)
to spill
零点
(れいてん)
zero, no marks


3) 齢 (# 770 of 2,500)

Meaning: age

Examples
KunOn
NONE
年齢
(ねんれい)
age, years


4) 鈴 (# 880 of 2,500)

Meaning: small bell, buzzer

Examples
KunOn
(すず)
bell
電鈴
(でんれい)
Electric bell


5) 冷 (# 667 of 2,500)

Meaning: cool, cold (beer, person), chill

Examples
KunOn
冷たい
(つめ.たい)
cold to the touch
冷房
(れいぼう)
air conditioning


These less commonly used Kanji also have the same On-Yomi: 怜, 嶺, 玲, 蛉, 苓, 伶, 囹



Group 9: けん
This group has けん as the On-Yomi.

1) 検 (# 290 of 2,500)

Meaning: examination, investigate

Examples
KunOn
NONE
検査
(けんさ)
inspection (e.g. customs, factory),
examination


2) 険 (# 707 of 2,500)

Meaning: precipitous, inaccessible place, impregnable position, steep place, sharp eyes

Examples
KunOn
険しい
(けわ.しい)
inaccessible place, sharp eyes
危険
(きけん)
danger


3) 験 (# 410 of 2,500)

Meaning: verification, effect, testing

Examples
KunOn
NONE
試験
(しけん)
examination


4) 倹 (# 2479 of 2,500)

Meaning: frugal, economy, thrifty

Examples
KunOn
NONE
倹約
(けんやく)
thrift, economy,
frugality


5) 剣 (# 1305 of 2,500)

Meaning: sabre, sword, blade, clock hand

Examples
KunOn
NONE
真剣
(しんけん)
seriousness, earnestness




Group 10:  莫 ー ぼ
This group has as part of the Kanji and as the On-Yomi.

1) 暮 (# 978 of 2,500)

Meaning: livelihood, make a living, spend time

Examples
KunOn
暮れる
(く.れる)
to get dark, to come to an end
お歳暮
(おせいぼ)
year-end (gift)


2) 模 (# 668 of 2,500)

Meaning: imitation, copy, mock

Examples
KunOn
NONE
模様
(もよう)
pattern, figure,
design


3) 墓 (# 1337 of 2,500)

Meaning: grave, tomb

Examples
KunOn
(はか)
grave, tomb
墓園
(ぼえん)
cemetery


4) 慕 (# 2100 of 2,500)

Meaning: pining, yearn for, love dearly, adore

Examples
KunOn
慕う
(した.う)
to yearn for, to miss,
to adore, to love dearly
愛慕
(あいぼ)
Love, Attachment


5) 募 (# 809 of 2,500)

Meaning: recruit, campaign, gather (contributions), enlist, grow violent

Examples
KunOn
募る
(つの.る)
to invite, to solicit help participation etc
募集
(ぼしゅう)
recruiting, taking applications


These less commonly used Kanji also have the same On-Yomi: 莫, 莫, 糢, 謨