<< Previous

Reading Groups with 4

Here are 19 On-Yomi groups with 4 readings per group.

Familiarize yourself with the words in the Reading Groups and then take the quizzes.

Group 1: 義 ー ぎ
This group has as part of the Kanji and as the On-Yomi.

1) 議 (# 25 of 2,500)

Meaning: deliberation, consultation, debate, consideration

Examples
KunOn
NONE
会議
(かいぎ)
meeting


2) 義 (# 415 of 2,500)

Meaning: righteousness, justice, morality, honor, loyalty, meaning

Examples
KunOn
NONE
講義
(こうぎ)
lecture


3) 儀 (# 739 of 2,500)

Meaning: ceremony, rule, affair, case, a matter

Examples
KunOn
NONE
行儀
(ぎょうぎ)
manners


4) 犠 (# 1189 of 2,500)

Meaning: sacrifice

Examples
KunOn
NONE
犠牲
(ぎせい)
sacrifice


These less commonly used Kanji also have the same On-Yomi: 蟻, 艤



Group 2: 㐮 ー じょう
This group has as part of the Kanji and じょう as the On-Yomi.

1) 譲 (# 984 of 2,500)

Meaning: defer, turnover, transfer, convey

Examples
KunOn
譲る
(ゆず.る)
to turn over, to assign,
to hand over
譲歩
(じょうほ)
concession, conciliation,
compromise


2) 壌 (# 1407 of 2,500)

Meaning: lot, earth, soil

Examples
KunOn
NONE
天壌
(てんじょう)
heaven and earth


3) 醸 (# 1838 of 2,500)

Meaning: brew, cause

Examples
KunOn
NONE
佳醸
(かじょう)
sweet sake, good wine


4) 嬢 (# 2059 of 2,500)

Meaning: lass, girl, Miss, daughter

Examples
KunOn
NONE
お嬢さん
(おじょうさん)
young lady


These less commonly used Kanji also have the same On-Yomi:



Group 3: 化 ー か
This group has as part of the Kanji and as the On-Yomi.

1) 化 (# 89 of 2,500)

Meaning: change, take the form of, influence, enchant, delude, -ization

Examples
KunOn
化ける
(ば.ける)
to appear in disguise, to take the form of,
to change for the worse
文化
(ぶんか)
culture


2) 花 (# 578 of 2,500)

Meaning: flower

Examples
KunOn
(はな)
flower
花瓶
(かびん)
a vase


3) 貨 (# 822 of 2,500)

Meaning: freight, goods, property

Examples
KunOn
NONE
硬貨
(こうか)
coin


4) 靴 (# 1561 of 2,500)

Meaning: shoes

Examples
KunOn
(くつ)
Shoes
軍靴
(ぐんか)
military shoes


These less commonly used Kanji also have the same On-Yomi: 錵, 訛



Group 4: 官 ー かん
This group has as part of the Kanji and かん as the On-Yomi.

1) 官 (# 230 of 2,500)

Meaning: bureaucrat, the government

Examples
KunOn
NONE
警官
(けいかん)
policeman


2) 管 (# 517 of 2,500)

Meaning: pipe, tube, wind instrument, drunken talk, control, jurisdiction

Examples
KunOn
(くだ)
pipe, tube
管理
(かんり)
control, management (e.g. of a business)


3) 館 (# 613 of 2,500)

Meaning: building, mansion, large building, palace

Examples
KunOn
NONE
旅館
(りょかん)
Japanese hotel


4) 棺 (# 2161 of 2,500)

Meaning: coffin, casket

Examples
KunOn
NONE
寝棺
(ねかん)
Coffin


These less commonly used Kanji also have the same On-Yomi: 菅, 舘



Group 5: 麻 ー ま
This group has as part of the Kanji and as the On-Yomi.

1) 麻 (# 1142 of 2,500)

Meaning: hemp, flax

Examples
KunOn
(あさ)
flax, linen,
hemp
麻痺
(まひ)
paralysis, palsy,
numbness, stupor


2) 魔 (# 1514 of 2,500)

Meaning: witch, demon, evil spirit

Examples
KunOn
NONE
悪魔
(あくま)
devil, demon,
evil spirit


3) 摩 (# 1252 of 2,500)

Meaning: chafe, rub, polish, grind, scrape

Examples
KunOn
NONE
摩擦
(まさつ)
friction, rubbing,
rubdown, chafe


4) 磨 (# 1608 of 2,500)

Meaning: grind, polish, scour, improve, brush (teeth)

Examples
KunOn
磨く
(みが.く)
to brush teeth, to polish
減磨
(げんま)
Lubrication




Group 6: 士 ー し
This group has as part of the Kanji and as the On-Yomi.

1) 士 (# 526 of 2,500)

Meaning: gentleman, samurai, samurai radical (no. 33)

Examples
KunOn
NONE
武士
(ぶし)
warrior, samurai


2) 志 (# 823 of 2,500)

Meaning: intention, plan, resolve, aspire, motive, hopes, shilling

Examples
KunOn
(こころざし)
will, intention,
motive
意志
(いし)
will, volition


3) 仕 (# 439 of 2,500)

Meaning: attend, doing, official, serve

Examples
KunOn
仕える
(つか.える)
to serve, to work for
仕事
(しごと)
Job


4) 誌 (# 851 of 2,500)

Meaning: document, records

Examples
KunOn
NONE
雑誌
(ざっし)
Magazine




Group 7: 申 ー しん
This group has as part of the Kanji and しん as the On-Yomi.

1) 申 (# 492 of 2,500)

Meaning: have the honor to, sign of the monkey, 3-5PM, ninth sign of Chinese zodiac

Examples
KunOn
申す
(もう.す)
(humble) to be called, to say
申請
(しんせい)
application, request,
petition


2) 伸 (# 730 of 2,500)

Meaning: expand, stretch, extend, lengthen, increase

Examples
KunOn
伸ばす
(の.ばす)
to lengthen, to stretch,
to reach out, to grow (beard)
延伸
(えんしん)
extension


3) 神 (# 347 of 2,500)

Meaning: gods, mind, soul

Examples
KunOn
(かみ)
god
神経
(しんけい)
nerve, sensitivity


4) 紳 (# 1790 of 2,500)

Meaning: sire, good belt, gentleman

Examples
KunOn
NONE
紳士
(しんし)
gentleman


These less commonly used Kanji also have the same On-Yomi: 呻, 抻



Group 8: ばい
This group has ばい as the On-Yomi.

1) 陪 (# 1917 of 2,500)

Meaning: obeisance, follow, accompany, attend on

Examples
KunOn
NONE
陪審
(ばいしん)
Jury


2) 倍 (# 714 of 2,500)

Meaning: double, twice, times, fold

Examples
KunOn
NONE
倍率
(ばいりつ)
diameter, magnification


3) 培 (# 1431 of 2,500)

Meaning: cultivate, foster

Examples
KunOn
NONE
栽培
(さいばい)
cultivation


4) 賠 (# 1243 of 2,500)

Meaning: compensation, indemnify

Examples
KunOn
NONE
賠償
(ばいしょう)
reparations, indemnity,
compensation




Group 9: 半 ー はん
This group has as part of the Kanji and はん as the On-Yomi.

1) 半 (# 224 of 2,500)

Meaning: half, middle, odd number, semi-, part-

Examples
KunOn
半ば
(なか.ば)
middle, half,
semi, halfway,
partly
(はん)
half


2) 判 (# 197 of 2,500)

Meaning: judgement, signature, stamp, seal

Examples
KunOn
NONE
判断
(はんだん)
judgement, decision


3) 伴 (# 886 of 2,500)

Meaning: consort, accompany, bring with, companion

Examples
KunOn
伴う
(ともな.う)
to accompany, to bring with,
to be accompanied by, to be involved in
同伴
(どうはん)
to accompany


4) 畔 (# 2049 of 2,500)

Meaning: paddy ridge, levee

Examples
KunOn
NONE
河畔
(かはん)
riverside




Group 10: ゆ
This group has as the On-Yomi.

1) 諭 (# 1461 of 2,500)

Meaning: rebuke, admonish, charge, warn, persuade

Examples
KunOn
NONE
告諭
(こくゆ)
official notice


2) 輸 (# 371 of 2,500)

Meaning: transport, send, be inferior

Examples
KunOn
NONE
輸出
(ゆしゅつ・する)
to export


3) 愉 (# 1974 of 2,500)

Meaning: pleasure, happy, rejoice

Examples
KunOn
NONE
愉快
(ゆかい)
pleasant, happy


4) 癒 (# 1667 of 2,500)

Meaning: healing, cure, quench (thirst), wreak

Examples
KunOn
NONE
全癒
(ぜんゆ)
complete healing




Group 11: 作 ー さく
This group has さく as the On-Yomi.

1) 作 (# 103 of 2,500)

Meaning: make, production, prepare, build

Examples
KunOn
作る
(つく.る)
to make
作文
(さくぶん)
composition, writing


2) 昨 (# 226 of 2,500)

Meaning: yesterday, previous

Examples
KunOn
NONE
昨週
(さくしゅう)
last week


3) 酢 (# 1955 of 2,500)

Meaning: vinegar, sour, acid, tart

Examples
KunOn
(す)
vinegar
酢酸
(さくさん)
acetic acid


4) 搾 (# 2046 of 2,500)

Meaning: squeeze

Examples
KunOn
NONE
圧搾
(あっさく)
pressure, compression


These less commonly used Kanji also have the same On-Yomi: 炸, 柞, 筰



Group 12:  生 ー せい
This group has as part of the Kanji and せい as the On-Yomi.

1) 生 (# 29 of 2,500)

Meaning: life, genuine, birth

Examples
KunOn
生まれる
(う.まれる)
to be born
学生
(がくせい)
Student


2) 性 (# 104 of 2,500)

Meaning: sex, gender, nature

Examples
KunOn
NONE
女性
(じょせい)
woman


3) 姓 (# 1628 of 2,500)

Meaning: surname

Examples
KunOn
NONE
姓名
(せいめい)
full name


4) 牲 (# 1274 of 2,500)

Meaning: animal sacrifice, offering

Examples
KunOn
NONE
犠牲
(ぎせい)
sacrifice


These less commonly used Kanji also have the same On-Yomi:



Group 13: ふく
This group has ふく as the On-Yomi.

1) 復 (# 438 of 2,500)

Meaning: restore, return to, revert, resume

Examples
KunOn
NONE
復習
(ふくしゅう)
revision


2) 複 (# 915 of 2,500)

Meaning: duplicate, double, compound, multiple

Examples
KunOn
NONE
複雑
(ふくざつ)
complexity, complication


3) 腹 (# 1286 of 2,500)

Meaning: abdomen, belly, stomach

Examples
KunOn
(はら)
abdomen, belly,
stomach
空腹
(くうふく)
hunger


4) 覆 (# 1378 of 2,500)

Meaning: capsize, cover, shade, mantle, be ruined

Examples
KunOn
覆う
(おお.う)
to cover, to hide,
to conceal, to wrap,
to disguise
覆面
(ふくめん)
mask, veil,
disguise


These less commonly used Kanji also have the same On-Yomi: 愎, 鰒



Group 14: けい
This group has けい as the On-Yomi.

1) 軽 (# 790 of 2,500)

Meaning: lightly, trifling, unimportant

Examples
KunOn
軽い
(かる.い)
Light
軽減
(けいげん)
abatement


2) 径 (# 1435 of 2,500)

Meaning: diameter, path, method

Examples
KunOn
NONE
半径
(はんけい)
radius


3) 経 (# 79 of 2,500)

Meaning: sutra, longitude, pass thru, expire, warp

Examples
KunOn
経つ
(た.つ)
to pass, to lapse
経験
(けいけん・する)
to experience


4) 茎 (# 2013 of 2,500)

Meaning: stalk, stem

Examples
KunOn
(くき)
stalk
花茎
(かけい)
stem of flower




Group 15: 肖 ー しょう
This group has as part of the Kanji and しょう as the On-Yomi.

1) 肖 (# 1889 of 2,500)

Meaning: resemblance

Examples
KunOn
NONE
肖像
(しょうぞう)
portrait


2) 消 (# 345 of 2,500)

Meaning: extinguish, blow out, turn off, neutralize, cancel

Examples
KunOn
消える
(き.える)
to disappear
消費
(しょうひ)
consumption, expenditure


3) 硝 (# 2154 of 2,500)

Meaning: nitrate, saltpeter

Examples
KunOn
NONE
煙硝
(えんしょう)
gunpowder


4) 宵 (# 2262 of 2,500)

Meaning: wee hours, evening, early night

Examples
KunOn
NONE
徹宵
(てっしょう)
all night, without sleep


These less commonly used Kanji also have the same On-Yomi:



Group 16: 辰 ー しん
This group has as part of the Kanji and しん as the On-Yomi.

1) 振 (# 614 of 2,500)

Meaning: shake, wave, wag, swing

Examples
KunOn
振る
(ふ.る)
(1) to wave, to shake,
to swing, (2) to sprinkle,
(3) to cast (actor), to allocate (work)
不振
(ふしん)
dullness, depression,
slump, stagnation


2) 震 (# 893 of 2,500)

Meaning: quake, shake, tremble, quiver, shiver

Examples
KunOn
震える
(ふる.える)
to shiver, to shake,
to quake
地震
(じしん)
earthquake


3) 娠 (# 1623 of 2,500)

Meaning: with child, pregnancy

Examples
KunOn
NONE
妊娠
(にんしん)
conception, pregnancy


4) 唇 (# 1992 of 2,500)

Meaning: lips

Examples
KunOn
(くちびる)
lips
紅唇
(こうしん)
red lips


These less commonly used Kanji also have the same On-Yomi:



Group 17: てき
This group has てき as the On-Yomi.

1) 敵 (# 1205 of 2,500)

Meaning: enemy, foe, opponent

Examples
KunOn
(かたき)
enemy, rival
素敵
(すてき)
lovely, dreamy,
beautiful, great,
fantastic, superb,
cool, capital


2) 適 (# 670 of 2,500)

Meaning: suitable, occasional, rare, qualified, capable

Examples
KunOn
NONE
適当
(てきとう)
suitability


3) 滴 (# 2019 of 2,500)

Meaning: drip, drop

Examples
KunOn
NONE
水滴
(すいてき)
drop of water


4) 摘 (# 564 of 2,500)

Meaning: pinch, pick, pluck, trim, clip, summarize

Examples
KunOn
NONE
指摘
(してき)
pointing out, identification


These less commonly used Kanji also have the same On-Yomi:



Group 18: 交 ー こう
This group has as part of the Kanji and こう as the On-Yomi.

1) 交 (# 178 of 2,500)

Meaning: mingle, mixing, association, coming & going

Examples
KunOn
交ざる
(ま.ざる)
to be mixed, to be blended with,
to associate with, to mingle with,
to join
交番
(こうばん)
police box


2) 校 (# 294 of 2,500)

Meaning: exam, school, printing, proof, correction

Examples
KunOn
NONE
学校
(がっこう)
School


3) 効 (# 538 of 2,500)

Meaning: merit, efficacy, efficiency, benefit

Examples
KunOn
効く
(き.く)
to be effective
効果
(こうか)
effect, effectiveness,
efficacy, result


4) 郊 (# 1304 of 2,500)

Meaning: outskirts, suburbs, rural area

Examples
KunOn
NONE
郊外
(こうがい)
outskirts


These less commonly used Kanji also have the same On-Yomi: 佼, 咬, 狡, 姣, 交



Group 19: 冓 ー こう
This group has as part of the Kanji and こう as the On-Yomi.

1) 構 (# 316 of 2,500)

Meaning: posture, build, pretend

Examples
KunOn
構う
(かま.う)
to mind, to care about,
to be concerned about
結構
(けっこう)
splendid, enough


2) 講 (# 653 of 2,500)

Meaning: lecture, club, association

Examples
KunOn
NONE
講義
(こうぎ)
lecture


3) 購 (# 945 of 2,500)

Meaning: subscription, buy

Examples
KunOn
NONE
購買
(こうばい)
purchase, buy


4) 溝 (# 1736 of 2,500)

Meaning: gutter, ditch, sewer, drain, 10**32

Examples
KunOn
NONE
海溝
(かいこう)
ocean trench


These less commonly used Kanji also have the same On-Yomi: 冓, 篝, 媾