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Consonants: Part 4 of 4

In this lesson we cover the remaining 7 letters in Hindi. The dotted letters!!!!

All of these letters are written the same as letters you already know but with a dot underneath.

Distinct Dotted Letters
These 4 Dotted letters represent distinct sounds that are not similar to their un-dotted counterparts.

Flapped 'R', non-aspirated:

Transliteration: "rr"
Pronunciation: 'rd' in 'Bard'



rr



Flapped 'R' aspirated:

Transliteration: "rrh"
Pronunciation: 'rd h' in 'Bard Hat'



rrh



Z:

Transliteration: "z"
Pronunciation: 'z' in Zebra



z



F:

Transliteration: "f"
Pronunciation: 'f' in Fish



f



Semi-Distinct Dotted Letters
These 3 dotted letters represent sounds that are very similar to their un-dotted counterparts. They represent slightly different pronunciations for words that came into Hindi from Arabic or Farsi.

In fact many native speakers don't bother with the distinction between these dotted letters and their un-dotted pairs and will pronounce these letters as if there was no dot. Oftentimes you will even see words that are supposed to have them written without dots.

Q:

Transliteration: "q"
Pronunciation: 'c' in cough



q

This is supposed to be like a "k" sound but coming more from the back of your throat. However it is ofter just pronounced like क.

Cch:

Transliteration: "cch"
Pronunciation: 'ch' in loch



cch

This is supposed to be pronounced like the Scottish "ch" in the word Loch. However in practice it is often just pronounced like ख.

Gg:

Transliteration: "gg"
Pronunciation: 'g' in Gone



gg

This is supposed to be like a "g" sound but coming more from the back of your throat. However it is often just pronounced like ग