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Long vowels

This lesson assumes you have already completed the corresponding lesson in the "Reading Arabic" chapter.

waaw
Waaw is basically a big loop. Make sure the tail of the loop stays under the starting point.

Final Form:



Indpendent Form:





yaa'
The Initial and Medial forms for yaa' are exactly like those for baa' except they have two dots at the bottom.

Like taa', the two dots in yaa' can be replaced with a short horizontal line.

Initial Form:




Medial Form:




Final Form:

The final form starts by looping down and back before looping back up to the line. The end of the loop should be at the same height as the start of the letter.




Independent Form:

The Independent Form of yaa is like an agitated snake that has swallowed a badger. See below: