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Lesson 7b: Questions

Lesson 7, Part A:
  • Intro
  • Dialogue
Lesson 7, Part B: Lesson 7, Part C:
  • Word Root
  • Patterns
Question Words
Instructions:
  1. Take the Questions Vocab Quiz until you pass.
  2. Read about the different types of questions.
  3. Take the Questions Comprehension quiz.
Questions
ArabicEnglish
هَل
hal
Yes/No?
مَن
man
Who?
ما
maa
What? (nominal sentence)
ماذا
maadhaa
What? (verbal sentence)
مَتى
mataa
When?
اينَ
ayna
Where?
ايّ
ayy
Which?
كَيف
kayf
How?
كَم
kam
How many?
بِكَم
bikam
How much?

The question word comes at the beginning of the sentence. Forming questions in Arabic is pretty straight forward. Just stick the question word before a statement.

Yes or No questions
In formal Arabic "Yes or No?" questions are indicated with an initial question particle هَل. Here is an example:

Are you American?
hal anti amriikiyya?
هَل انتِ امريكيّة؟

In colloquial Arabic a "Yes or No?" question is simply indicated by rising intonation, similar to English.

What/Which?
Arabic has two words for "what". One for nominal sentences like "What is that?" and another for verbal sentences like "What did you eat?".

What is that?
maa haadhaa?
ماهٰذا؟

We'll cover how to use verbs starting in Lesson 10 but here is an example for now:

What did you drink?
maadhaa sharibta?
ماذا شَرِبتَ؟
When
When did you arrive from Cairo?
mataa waSalta min al-qaahira
مَتى وَصَلتَ مِن القاهرة

Where
The question word اينَ can be used by itself or with prepositions like:
  • مِن : from
  • إلى : to
Where is my newspaper?
ayna jariidatii?
اينَ جَريدَتي؟


Where are you from?
min ayna anta?
مِن اينَ انتَ؟


Where to Sir?
ilaa ayna, yaa siidii?
إلى اينَ ، يا سيدي


Who
Who is he?
man huwa
مَن هُوَ

How many?
The question word كَم is used with the Singular of the noun unlike English which uses the plural.

How many books did you read?
kam kitaab qara'ata?
كَم كِتاب قَرَأتَ




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Question Comprehension Quiz