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Lesson 6b: Possessive Pronouns

Lesson 6, Part A:
  • Intro
  • Dialogue
Lesson 6, Part B: Lesson 6, Part C:
  • iDaafa Phrases
Possessive Pronouns
Instructions:
  1. Read about possessive pronouns in Arabic.
  2. Take the Possessive Pronoun Comprehension Quiz.
To show possession in Arabic, a suffix is added. Study the possessive endings and the examples in the table and then take the quiz.
Possessive Endings
Ending
English
Example
ي
ii
mine كِتابي
kitaabii
كَ
ka
yours
(masc.)
كِتابُكَ
kitaabuka
كِ
kii
yours
(fem.)
كِتابُكِ
kitaabukii
ه
hu
his كِتابُهُ
kitaabuhu
ها
ha
hers كِتابُها
kitaabuhaa
نا
na
ours كِتابُنا
kitaabunaa
كُم
kum
yours
(masc. plural)
كِتابُكُم
kitaabukum
كُنَّ
kunna
yours
(fem. plural)
كِتابُكُنَّ
kitaabukunna
هُم
hum
theirs
(masc.)
كِتابُهُم
kitaabuhum
هُنَّ
hunna
theirs
(fem.)
كِتابُهُنَّ
kitaabuhunna
(click)

Possessive Pronouns Quiz

Just like you saw in Lesson 2 with the personal pronouns, there is no possessive pronoun for "it". You'll need to know the gender of the owner and choose the corresponding ending. For example, we can tell that the word سَيّارة is feminine from the taa' marbuTa at the end. If we wanted to talk about the door (باب) of the car, we would use the possessive suffix for 'hers', resulting inبابُها. This equates to 'her door' in English, with 'her' referring to the feminine noun 'car'.

شَنطَتُها
shanTatuha
إبنُهُ
ibnuhu
Her bag His son


ّكُتُبُهُن
kutubuhunna
كُرَتُهُم
kuratuhum
Their books Their ball


Did you notice the change in pronunciation of the taa' marbuuTa in the examples 'shanTatuha' and 'kuratuhum' above? When a pronoun is added to a word ending in taa' marbuuTa, the taa' marbuuTa is written as ت and is pronounced as -at-.

Definiteness: Another important aspect of nouns with possessive endings is that they are considered definite for grammatical purposes, such as adjective agreement.

our small house (phrase)
baitunaa a-SSaghiir
بيتناالصغير